While work to sign a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade agreement between Ukraine and the EU began for the first time in 1999, formal negotiations between the Ukrainian government and the EU Trade Commissioner did not begin until 18 February 2008.  In May 2011, three issues remain unresolved in the free trade agreement: Ukrainian grain export quotas, access to the EU services market and geographical names of Ukrainian raw materials. Beyond these issues, the agreement was ready.  Despite these outstanding issues, Ukraine was ready to sign the agreement at present. Although Ukraine wanted stronger wording of the eu`s enlargement prospects and market access for its truckers, Ukraine had more than many other candidates at the same stage of the process. The final agreement was signed on July 19, 2012.  The ratification of the DCFTA was blocked by the EU due to concerns about the rule of law in Ukraine.    These include the application of selective justice and the modification of the right to vote. As a result, the role of Ukrainian oligarchs in sanctioning the agreement has also been called into question.  For EFTA-Ukraine trade statistics, see EFTA`s Trade Statistics Tool On 29 July 2013, Russia banned the importation of chocolate products from The Ukrainian company Roshen and called on Belarus and Kazakhstan to follow suit. A Russian health official said the company had failed to meet quality and safety standards, but critics said the ban was seen as a warning against closer cooperation between Ukraine and the EU. At the time, Roshen`s owner (and the future president of Ukraine), Petro Poroshenko, was considered pro-European.  On 14 August 2013, Russian Federal Customs officials began to carry out stricter inspections of shipments arriving from Ukraine than they would normally be.
 This lasted until 20 August 27, 2013, and was followed by statements by the Chief Economic Adviser of the Russian President, Sergei Glazyev, who argued that the effects of the Russian response to Ukraine`s signing of the agreement, including tariffs and trade controls, could lead to a default of payment , a decline in living standards and “political and social unrest” in Ukraine and would be contrary to the Russian-Ukrainian Treaty of Strategy and Friendship. This last point, he warned, would mean that the state of Ukraine could not be guaranteed by Russia, which could intervene in the country at the request of pro-Russian regions.     The agreement contains provisions relating to trade facilitation (Annex V). The trade dynamics reflect the military and trade conflict with Russia, as well as the evolution of GDP: Ukraine experienced a deep recession in 2014-2015, followed by a moderate recovery. Imports more than halved between 2012 and 2015, while exports almost halved between 2012 and 2016. Both partially rebounded between 2016 and 2018. The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union is an association agreement between the European Union (EU), Euratom, Ukraine and the 28 UNION Member States (separate parts of the EU and Euratom). It creates a political and economic association between the parties. The agreement came into force on September 1, 2017 and some parts had previously been provisionally implemented. The parties pledged to cooperate in a wide range of areas and to end economic policy, legislation and regulation, including equal rights for workers, approaches to the free movement of persons, the exchange of information and staff in the field of justice, the modernisation of Ukraine`s energy infrastructure and access to the European Investment Bank.