Nevertheless, this lesson was slow and, initially, the VOC took the strategic decision to improve its military position on the Malabar coast (in the hope of reducing England`s influence in the region and ending the exodus of its resources from the costs of the Malabar garrisons) by forcing the Calicut Zamorin to submit to Dutch rule. In 1710, Zamorin was forced to sign a contract with the obligation of VOCs to trade exclusively with the VOC and to expel other European distributors. For a short time, this seemed to improve the company`s prospects. However, in 1715 the Zamorins renounced the treaty by encouraging the EIC. Although a Dutch army managed to temporarily suppress this insurgency, the Zamorin continued to trade with the English and French, resulting in a significant increase in English and French traffic. The VOC decided in 1721 that it was no longer worth dominating the trade in pepper and Malabar spices. A strategic decision was taken to reduce the Dutch military presence and leave the area to the influence of the IEDs.  Sun Jian is a super aggressive warr lord, with many advantages for tracing territories at an early stage and maintaining a large army. Inevitably, this is a risk reward compromise that is perhaps more appropriate for players with a lot of total war experience or a few previous Three Kingdoms campaigns under their belts. In practical terms, the VOC`s “long-term average annual profit in the golden age” of 1630 to 70 was 2.1 million guilders, of which almost half was paid in the form of a dividend and the remainder reinvested. The long-term average annual profit of the Expansion Age (1680-1730) amounted to 2.0 million guilders, three quarters of which were distributed in the form of dividends and a quarter reinvested.
In the previous period, profit averaged 18 per cent of total sales; in the last period, 10 per cent. The annual return on investment was about 6% in the previous period; 3.4% for the latter period.Â  At the time, it was customary for a business to be funded for only one trip and to be liquidated after the fleet returned. Investing in these shipments was a very risky undertaking, not only because of the usual dangers of piracy, disease and shipwrecks, but also because the interaction between inelastic demand and the relatively elastic supply  of spices could cause prices to waver and thus ruin profitability prospects. To deal with such a risk, the formation of a cartel for supply control seems logical. In 1600, the English were the first to adopt this approach by pooling their resources into a monopolistic enterprise, the English East India Company, thus threatening their Dutch competitors with ruin.  When the colony was founded in Cape Town in 1652, the VOC already had a long history of slavery in eastern India. Jan van Riebeeck concluded, in the two months following the construction of the Cape, that slavery was necessary for the hardest and dirtiest work. At first, the VOC was considering enslaving men from Khoikhoi`s indigenous population, but the idea was rejected on the grounds that such a policy would be both costly and dangerous. Most Khoikhoi had chosen not to work for the Dutch because of low wages and difficult conditions.
At first, the settlers acted with the Khoikhoi, but the difficult working conditions and low wages imposed by the Dutch gave rise to a series of wars. The European population remained below 200 in the first five years of the colony and the war against neighbours with more than 20,000 inhabitants would have been senseless. Moreover, the Dutch feared that, if enslaved, Khoikhoi could still flee to the local community, when it would be much more difficult for foreigners to evade their “masters”.  Hero class and style of play: Like the other two vanguard-class warlords, Ma Teng is very effective in fighting enemy troops on the battlefield, but weak against other generals.