On 10 October, Mr Johnson and Prime Minister Leo Varadkar held “very positive and promising” talks, which led to the resumption of negotiations and a week later, on 17 October, Johnson and Jean-Claude Juncker announced that they had reached a withdrawal agreement (subject to ratification) that would replace the backstop with a new protocol on Northern Ireland.”  When did Johnson notice his mistake? He cannot answer the question without identifying himself as a fool or a crook. Either he did not understand a text he signed, or he knew that he had been defeated by Brussels and sold the defeat as a victory in the parliamentary elections. The author was an economic adviser to French Prime Minister Michel Rocard in 1998, when Rocard negotiated an agreement to restore civil peace in New Caledonia, in the Southwest Pacific. A new analysis that we have just finalised shows that Parliament`s objection to the backstop amounts to an implicit rejection of the Good Friday Agreement, the agreement that ended the armed conflict in Northern Ireland. The reasons why Parliament opposes the “backstop” are precisely what made the peace agreement work. In a February 2019 Sky Data poll, 79% of respondents voted in favour of a legal guarantee from the Irish government that there will be no hard border, even if it risks a Brexit without a deal on 29 March. In the same poll, 81% of respondents supported a reduction in economic relations with the UK if they were forced to choose and 19% supported a reduction in relations with the EU in favour of the UK in favour of maintaining open borders.  These institutional provisions, established in these three areas of action, are described as “interdependent and interdependent” in the agreement. In particular, it is found that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is “so closely linked that the success of individual countries depends on that of the other” and that participation in the North-South Council of Ministers “is one of the essential tasks assigned to the relevant bodies in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]. Relationship with Dublin: Brexit has tarnished Dublin`s relationship with London amid a long battle over The Brexit deal. Memories of the riots have faded in England, Despite decades of deadly terrorist attacks, some British politicians have sparked outrage with comments revealing their ignorance of Northern Ireland`s sensitive sensitivities.22 British and Irish diplomats will have to find new ways to structure their engagement on common political interests, as the UK`s exit from the European Union means that officials will no longer regularly interact at Brussels meetings.