A collective agreement is the formal employment contract that was ratified and signed after collective bargaining. The agreement defines the terms of employment of union members whose work is covered by the coverage clause of the agreement. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to jobs and workers covered by collective agreements.  Collective agreements are agreements between employers and registered unions that cover workers in the employer`s workplace. The employer and the union must keep a signed copy of the collective agreement and provide a copy to employees if they request it. The employer must give them to new workers who are not unionized and whose work is covered by the coverage clause. More detailed information about the collective agreement can be obtained from Shop Steward or pro employee council.
In the event of a conflict, Pro members can get assistance from the Shop Steward and the Union staff council. Apart from the above requirements, the parties decide what is stipulated in the collective agreement (unless the employment agency is invited and agrees to set the terms of the contract). The collective agreement binds signed union members and employers who are members of an employer union that signed the agreement. These agreements are considered normally binding. However, your business may also be subject to the rules of a collective agreement if you have acquired activities and workers under a collective agreement in connection with a merger or merger and you have not taken the opportunity to waive the collective agreement under Danish workers` law in the event of a business transfer. Collective agreements are used to supplement legislation or to negotiate scope-specific contracts. The main principle is that collective agreements cannot contain terms that are less than the statutory requirements. A worker may have an individual employment contract or, if unionized, is covered by a relevant collective agreement. Always check the collective agreement that respects your job when you start your new job.
Information about benefits and rights guaranteed by the collective agreement is often valuable. Non-union members can bargain collectively with an employer or employer, but their negotiation cannot end with a collective agreement that is only identical or very similar individual employment contracts.